Shri B.M.Patil Medical College, Hospital & Research Centre
BLDE University, Vijayapur, Karnataka, India

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PROF.A.S.PAINTAL,FRS  - A Tribute From the Department

(24 September 1925 — 21 December 2004)

Department of Physiology considers Late Professor Paintal- the first Indian Medical Professional to become Fellow of Royal Society (FRS) as a role model. Department gets inspiration from the works of Professor Paintal on cardiovascular and respiratory physiology. During the years 1952-1960, he discovered several sensory receptors in the viscera. These include the type B receptors of the atria, the ventricular pressure receptors, the gastric stretch receptors, the mucosal mechanoreceptors of the intestines, and the pressure pain receptors of muscles. Foremost amongst the receptors discovered by his were the juxtapulmonary capillary or type J receptors which are stimulated by a rise in the interstitial fluid volume and increase in pulmonary blood flow. Their stimulation gives rise to breathlessness and termination of exercise. He described the reflex termination of exercise as one of their most important functions - providing a protective reflex to humans and animals against excessive pulmonary pressures. He and his collaborators showed that these receptors were also stimulated by increased blood flow, as in exercise and that stimulation of J receptors produced respiratory sensations leading to dry cough. His work on the conduction and block in mammalian nerves gave the electrophysiologists a tool to enable them to distinguish between the myelinated and non-myelinated nerve fibres. He also demonstrated that the Head’s paradoxical reflex was an artefact. During his research career spanning well over five decades, Dr Paintal had less than 400 publications which included original research papers, reviews, papers presented at conferences etc. Most of his papers appeared in international journals but his preference for the British journal - Journal of Physiology (London) is quite clear. The Web of Science, published by the Institute for Scientific Information, Philadelphia lists 236 papers of Paintal from the source journals of the Science Citation Index and as many as 141 from non-source journals. The ‘influence’ of Paintal on biomedical science, especially physiology is distinct and appears to be overwhelming. Until 2004, his papers were cited as many as 3672 times. And they will continue to be cited by researchers paying homage to his outstanding discoveries. Ten of his papers have been cited over 150 times with the reviews were cited extensively - Physiological Reviews (1973) as many as 871 times and Pharmacological Reviews (1964) cited 203 times. That the Physiological Review is cited 12 times even in 2004, underlines its relevance even after 40 years after publication. His path-breaking report on J receptors published in 1969 in Journal of Physiology (London), cited 323 times, and was a Citation Classic. Significantly, all the eight papers that were highly cited appeared in the Journal of Physiology (London). In an era when scientists the world over were fast switching to scientific disciplines which fetched more funding and public glory, Paintal continued to work in a very unfashionable area like physiology. As a medical student at the King George’s Medical College, Lucknow, he left an unmatched and enviable record of academic accomplishments. True to his style, he has left a legacy for the International science that will be difficult to match. While we were overawed by his extraordinary ability as a scientist (a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1981), he was simplicity personified, modest to a fault, and carried his greatness lightly on his slender shoulders. His accessibility to colleagues at all levels was as legendary as were his impeccable manners and old world charm. In an article entitled  "a new era in Physiology" by Cornellie Heymans and Eric Neil coined the terms “Pre-Paintal” versus “Post-Paintal” while referring to the impact of his discoveries. In his own view, his greatest contribution to science in India apart from his discoveries has been the formation of the Society of Scientific Values, which he helped to establish and served as its first President. This Society, the first of its kind in the world, has as its main objective, amongst others, to promote integrity, objectivity and ethical values in the pursuit of science. 

He was widely honored in India and abroad and was elected to the Fellowship of the Royal Society of Edinburgh in 1966, followed by an election to the National Academy of Medical Sciences, and the Indian National Science Academy. In 1981, he was elected to the Royal Society (U.K.), the first Indian medical scientist to be so honored. An honorary membership of the Physiological Society (U.K.) and the American Physiological Society followed soon after as did an Honorary Fellowship of the Royal College of Physicians. His outstanding scientific contributions won him several National Awards and Honors viz: Dr. B.C. Roy Award, Medical council Silver Jubilee Research Award, Barclay Medal, Prof.S.C.Mahalanabish Memorial Oration by the Physiological Society of India, Rameswar Birla National Award, First Jawaharlal Award in Science, Acharya J.C. Bose Medal, Silver Jubilee Award, AIIMS, C.V. Raman Award, Jawaharlal Nehru Birth Centenary Award. The President of India bestowed on him the coveted honour of “Padma Vibhushan” in 1986. He was elected as a member of the International Council of Physiological Sciences in 1997 and re-elected for another term up to 2005.



Integrating life sciences from Molecular & Cellular mechanism to System Biology through Organisms. The physiology department seeks to fulfil the society need with highly qualified medical staff and scientific researchers capable to provide the medical field needs, alleviate medical problems The Department of Physiology will be an internationally recognized vital & responsive unit for all who seek excellence in learner – centred academic experience in health science for global community.


Physiology of today is the Medicine of tomorrow (Ernest Starling).

Physiology is the study of mechanism responsible for homeostasis of living system. As such the discipline concerned with the normal functions of the body and it provides the foundation upon which we expand our knowledge and understanding of how life processes are deranged by diseases and environmental stresses. Understanding scientific procedures from basic sciences like intracellular mechanisms to the functional integration of various systems is the purpose of understanding physiological sciences. As an essential component of medical teaching and research physiology contributes to our understanding of normal functions that is a prerequisite to understanding pathophysiologic process, disease condition and their treatment. Hence the department of physiology is fully committed to the principles of medical education which are the transmission of knowledge through teaching, generation of knowledge through research and dissemination and preservation of knowledge through publication. The mission of the Department of Physiology is:

1) To provide a superior teaching in the physiological sciences to medical UG and PG students.

2) To achieve and maintain the highest measure in competitive research and

3) Provide service to Medical College and University as a whole.

Beside this department of physiology also produce high quality education to support other major and minor programme in the campus. The department conduct scholarly work, applied research and other project including student short term project that support the physiology and health science discipline. Department also provide Extracurricular education, professional and social experiment that enhances intellectual development for both students and faculty.


1. Outline scientific understanding and applications of different physiological concepts.

2. Describe the principles of physiological mechanisms to instill a deeper appreciation for the complexity and beauty of the human body.

3. Distinguish between normal and abnormal performance of the body systems.

4. Clarify the interrelationships of body organ systems with all regulatory mechanisms that control their activities.

5. Expand learning through medical journals, books and the internet.

6. Act upon the basic scientific knowledge that the student receive to do scientific  research and medical studies.


1.  Define the functions of different body systems.

2.  Describe the mechanism of action of different body systems and the sequence of events that accompany these actions.

3.  Estimate the normal values with regard to different biological conditions.

4.  Illustrate the degree of deviation in the normal functions of different body systems in some clinical disorders.

5.  Provide scientific explanations for different physiological changes accompany some clinical disorders.


In addition to traditional lectures, tutorials, demonstrations and practical sessions are used to conduct the syllabi of the curriculum. For this, power points and video recordings are used for teaching.

• A good number of academic staff
• Student population
• Focused and responsive college administrators
• Excellence-driven university administration
• Lack of access to extramural research grants
• Remote location in a backward district of Karnataka
• Collaborations with national &  international universities
• Government support for research grants/conferences.


Sitting- Centre Prof.S.P.Guggarigoudar-Dean of Faculty of Medicine (Organizing Chair). Right: Prof.Kusal K Das (Convener), Dr.Manjunath Aithal (Organizing Secretary), Dr.C.M.Kulkarni (Treasurer). Left: DR.S.M.Patil ( Chair- Catering Committee),  Dr.Lata Mullur (Jt.Org.Secretary) & Dr.Sumangala Patil (Chair Scientific Committee). Behind: From left Dr.Satish G. Patil (Proceeding/Publication), Dr.Pallavi Patil, Dr.Shrilaxmi Kottenavar, Dr.Gouhar Shaikh, Dr.Jyoti K & Drsujatha Talikoti


Professor Kusal Das, Department of Physiology, BLDE University's Shri B.M.Patil Medical College, Hospital & Research Centre  has been awarded " Dr.Raja Ramanna State Scientist Award 2013". 

The award is given by Government of Karnataka for Prof.Das's outstanding contribution towards Science Education which made an impact for history and philosophy of science in the state.

To view National & International Honors/Awards of the Faculty Members of BLDE University Please Click here.....


International Exposure

(2013 -2016)

Prof.Kusal K.Das:

1. Visited as Faculty at University of Leeds [July – August 2015]

2. Visited as Faculty at University of Leeds [October 2014]

3. Visited Trinity College ,University of Cambridge [ October 2014]

4. Attended Mini COPE European Seminar at UCL-London [October 2014]

5. Visited as Faculty at University of Leeds [March- April 2014]

6. Attended & Delivered talk lecture at 'COPE European Seminar' in Brussels, Belgium[March 2014]

7. Delivered Key Note address at ICME 2013 in Balaclava, Mauritius [2013]

Dr.Satish G.Patil-Assistant Professor

1. Visited Tulane University,New Orleans,USA and delivered a lecture at Hypertension & Renal

   Centre of Excellence, Tulane University during 29 February 2016

2. Dr.Satish G.Patil also presented his research paper on 3 March 2016 at American Heart 

   Association Annual meeting held in Phoenix, USA.

2. Visited Venice, Italy [Oct 2013] and attended 9th.European Congress- Geriatrics Medicine

    Society. Presented a Poster.


Bolivian Pulmonologist & World leading Hypoxia Expert Visited Vascular Laboratory of BLDE University

Prof Dr.Gustavo Zubieta - CallijaDirector, Instituto Pulmonary Patologia de la Altura (IPPA); La Paz, Bolivia visited BLDE University and Laboratory of Vascular Physiology and Medicine from 25 & 26 July 2016. He was accompanied by his spouse Lucrecia- A former Bolivian Ambassador to Denmark and their daughter Raphaela. Prof.Gustavo is a world leading authority on high altitude physiology & medicine. This visit leads to a possible collaboration between BLDE University and IIPA/Zubieta University.La Paz on Hypoxia research through Laboratory of Vascular Physiology & Medicine.

Meeting at University Board Room with Honorable Vice Chancellor Dr.M.S.Biradar, Chief Adviser Prof.B.G.Mulimani, Registrar Dr.J.G.Ambekar along with Prof.Gustavo & his family.



Prof.Robert Carroll & Prof. Dewan Majid are interacting in the Electrophysiology Unit of Laboratory of Vascular Physiology & Medicine immediately after inauguration of the laboratory on 15tth December 2015.



Dr.Sikha Saha, Director Impact & Innovation and Faculty of Multidisciplinary Cardiovascular Research Centre (MCRC), Leeds Institute of Cardiovascular & Metabolic Medicine,University of Leeds,United Kingdom visited BLDE University from 8th Feb to 13th Feb 2016. She is also a Visiting Fellow of BLDE University. During her visit she had an interaction with UG & PG students besides Ph D research scholars. She also worked with Prof.Kusal Das in the Laboratory of Vascular Physiology & Medicine with a collaboration. Dr.Sikha was accompanied by her spouse Dr.Simal K.Saha,MS;FRCS.

Dr.Sikha Saha is in interaction with Postdoctoral & doctoral students of Laboratory of Vascular Physiology & Medicine


Dr.Satish G.Patil visited Tulane University,USA on February 2016

Dr.Satish G.Patil, Assistant Professor visited Hypertension & Renal Centre of Excellence, School of Medicine,Tulane University,New Orleans,USA. Dr.Patil delivered a talk in the centre. Tulane University,USA & BLDE University,Vijayapura is having MoU for three years in the area of vascular sciences research 


Last update: 17 August 2016 16.10 IST)

The site is maintained by Laboratory of Vascular Physiology & Medicine, Department of Physiology,Shri B.M.Patil Medical College, Hospital & Research Centre, BLDE University,Vijayapur-586103, Karnataka, India. Tel 91-8352-262770. Email: 

© 2016 Department of Physiology, BLDE University,Vijayapur-586103


Department of Physiology was established under the leadership of Dr V. G. Ranade, a renowned Physiologist. Following courses are run by the department: MBBS-1986, MD-1996, PhD-2010 and MSc- 2011. Department is comprising of Professors-3, Associate Professors-3, Assistant Professors -5, Tutors-4 and Non Teaching staff-12. Laboratory of vascular physiology and medicine is well equipped with sophisticated instruments like MP- 45, Biopac Student Lab, Physiopac, CANWin, DicroWin,Periscope,UV spectrophotometer, ELISA reader and washer, catering to the need of carrying out high quality research work and publication. One of staff member is a Visiting Professor to University of LEEDS, UK. 

                 -  Dr.Manjunatha R. Aithala

                                Professor & HOD





The Vice Chancellor


Chief Adviser


Dean of Faculty-Medicine & Principal



Dr.Mrs.Tejaswini Vallabha

Vice Principal


Dr.Manjunatha Aithala-Professor/HOD  

Dr.Sumanagala Patil-Professor

Prof.Kusal K.Das-Professor       

Dr.Lata Mullur-Assoc Professor            

Dr.C.M.Kulkarni- Assoc Professor         Dr.S.M.Patil- Assoc.Professor               Dr.Sujatha Talikoti- Asst.Professor       Dr.Shrilaxmi Bagali- Asst. Professor   

Dr.Gouher Banu Sheihk- Asst.Professor 

Dr.Jyoti Khodnapur- Asst. Professor     

Dr.Satish G.Patil- Asst.Professor

Ms.Pallavi Kanthe- Lecturer 

Laboratory of Vascular Physiology & Medicine:

Mr.R.Chandramouli Reddy

Junior Research Scientist


Laboratory of Vascular Physiology & Medicine established rodent cerebral ischemic Model

'Laboratory of Vascular Physiology & Medicine' successfully performed Rodent Model of Cerebral Ischemia under the supervision of Prof.Kusal Das. Dr.B.S.Patil (Anatomy), Dr.Ishwar Bagoji(Anatomy) & Mr.R.Chandramouli Reddy (Jr.Research Scientist) were the researchers worked on this model.

To View the Video of Rodent Cerebral Ischemia in YouTube please Click here.


National Conference of Physiological Sciences at BLDE University,Vijayapura 


(Date: 14 Sep - 17 Sep, 2016)

Pre Conference "Students ASSOPICON"
Pre Conference Workshop-"Publishing research paper in a PubMed indexed journal"

The Pre-conference (14 Sep 2016) will be dedicated to undergraduate students of health sciences as “Students ASSOPICON 2016”. Undergraduate students will present free paper as well as poster in this event. The postgraduate students will chair the sessions in this event. Several prizes are also kept for the undergraduate students scientists who excel in the event. The organizing committee has also kept a Pre-conference workshop entitled “Publishing research paper in a PubMed indexed journal” on 14 September 2016. This workshop will be coordinated by Dr.G.K.Pal, General Secretary-ASSOPI.

15.9.2016 - 17.9.2016;
National Conference
Theme - "Physiology decodes novelty of vascular sciences"

The main conference will be inaugurated on 15 September 2016 at 10 AM which will continue till 17 September 2016 afternoon. Besides several Key note addresses, organizing committee has kept eight numbers of symposium on various thrust area of research on physiological sciences in this conference. As the conference theme is on vascular sciences hence interdisciplinary approaches on vascular physiology & medicine will be the principal objective of the conference. The first symposium will be dedicated on ‘Medical Education’ besides symposium on neurosciences, yoga, exercise & environment, endocrinology, nanosciences and drug delivery etc. will also be covered.

As Vijayapura is a historical place hence organizing committee has also arranged sight seeing program separately during this national conference ASSOPICON 2016.

The conference website is launched. One can get all information about the conference and registration procedure through the site : or through Department of Physiology, website : or through BLDE University website – .

The deadline of registration and abstract submission for free paper and poster has been fixed on or before 25 August 2016.

Registration is open now. For details please visit conference website:
---------------------------------------------Memorandum of Understanding,
Research Collaborations & Visiting Professorship

Laboratory of Vascular Physiology & Medicine of the Department of Physiology has MoU,collaboration & visiting faculty exchanges with the following Universities/Institutions:-
1. Hypertension & Renal Centre of 
   Excellence,Tulane University,USA
2. Indian Institute of Public Health,
   PHFI, Hyderabad (2016-20121)
3. Leeds Institute of Cardiovascular & 
   Metabolic Medicine,University of 
   Leeds,UK (Visiting Professor &
   Fellow -2014-2016)
4. Department of Physiology, East
   Carolina University,USA (Visiting
   Professorship, 2016-2017)
Dr.Dhruv Kumar of Kansas University,USA is delivering lecture at Department of Physiology 

Prof.T.Venatesh of St.Johns' Medical College at Vascular Laboratory

Distinguished Visitors - 2016

1. Prof.Thuppil Venkatesh- St.Johns 
   Medical College,Bangalore
2. Dr.Sandhya Avadhani- Dean, Faculty of 
   Medicine, RGUHS, Bangalore
3. Prof.Mahdi Abbas- King George Medical 
4. Dr.Giridhar Gyani- Director General, 
   Association of Health Care Providers,   
   New Delhi
5. Dr.Manoj K.Chakraborti- ICMR Emeritus
   Scientist, NICED,Kolkata
6. Dr.Sikha Saha- University of Leeds,UK
7. Dr.Simal Saha- Leeds,UK
8. Prof.Gustavo Zubieta Callija- IIPA,La 
9. Lucrecia Zubieta- Diplomate, Bolivia
10.Dr.Dhruv Kumar- Post Doc-Kansas 
    State University, USA